Hi, I'm Adam Rule

I am a postdoctoral scholar with Michelle Hribar and Michael Chiang in the Department of Medical Informatics and Clinical Epidemiology at Oregon Health and Science University where I study how providers use Electronic Health Records to mix text and data in clinical notes. I received my PhD in Cognitive Science from UC San Diego where I worked with Jim Hollan in the Design Lab to study how academic researchers use Jupyter Notebooks to analyze data and share insights.

I study and develop technologies that help people document, share, and collaboratively perform data-driven work. I get particularly excited when talking about computational notebooks, electronic health records, reproducible research, information visualization, and apple fritters.

Starting Fall 2021 I will be an assistant professor in the Information School at the University of Wisconsin-Madison!

Curriculum Vitae

Research Statement

Teaching Statement



jan 16, 2020

Happy to announce our paper on how clinicians use programming to write their notes was accepted to CHI 2020. See you in Honolulu!

dec 5, 2019

Our article summarizing just how much text in clinical notes comes from templates and copy-paste is now online!

oct 16, 2019

Our systematic review of literature using EHR audit logs to study clinical activities was just accepted to JAMIA. Be sure to attend the panel on EHR Log research if you are attending AMIA this year.

sept 27, 2019

The folks at Jupyter and AWS just replicated and extended my 2017 analysis of Jupyter Notebooks on Github, now with 4M notebooks! Great new insights on data science workflows and API usage.

jul 25, 2019

Best practices for using Jupyter Notebooks developed with a great team of collaborators published in PLoS Computational Biology

jun 14, 2019

Case report on redundancy in clinical documentation accepted to Ophthalmology

aug 8, 2018

Paper on code-folding in Jupyter Notebooks, accepted to CSCW. See you in Jersey City in November! Code for the study on GitHub

jun 6, 2018

Successfully defended my PhD dissertation, Design and Use of Computational Notebooks! Thank you to all who attended and Jim, Rob, Philip, Gloria, Brad and Bill for being a wonderful committee


Nov 16-20 - AMIA 2019, DC
Apr 26-30 - CHI 2020, Honolulu
Nov 14-18 - AMIA 2020, Chicago


Use of Computational Notebooks

A large-scale and reproducible analysis of data science documentation and workflows spanning 1.25 million Jupyter Notebooks.
CHI'18 · Talk · Post · Dataset · Code

Data Science Best Practices

Developing best practices for writing and sharing analyses in Jupyter Notebooks, in collaboration with leading data science educators and researchers.
PLoS Comp Bio'19

Janus: Supporting Collaborative Data Science

Supporting collaborative analyses through lightweight annotation and organization of Jupyter Notebooks.
CSCW'18 · Post · Study Materials · Code

Use of Clinical Note Templates

A large-scale analysis of how providers used note templates to document 200,000+ patient visits.
CHI'20 · Ophth'20 · AJO'20

ActiveNotes: Clinical Notes with Inline Orders

Supporting more fluid clinical documentation by letting providers place orders in their notes.

Using Audit Logs to Observe Clinical Workflows

Survey of literature using Electronic Health Record audit logs to observe clinical workflows at scale.


Metrics for assessing physician activity using electronic health record log data. journal
Christine A Sinsky, Adam Rule, Genna Cohen, Brian G Arndt, Tait D Shanafelt, Christopher D Sharp, Sally L Baxter, Ming Tai-Seale, Sherry Yan, You Chen, Julia Adler-Milstein, Michelle Hribar JAMIA 2020 (In Press)

Clinical Documentation as End-User Programming. pdf
Adam Rule, Isaac H. Goldstein, Michael F. Chiang, Michelle R. Hribar. CHI 2020 (To Appear)

Electronic Health Records in Ophthalmology: Source and Method of Documentation. journal
Brad Henriksen, Isaac H. Goldstein, Adam Rule, Abigail Huang, Haley Dusek, Austin Igelman, Michael F. Chiang, Michelle R. Hribar American Journal of Ophthalmology 2020 (In Press)

Using Electronic Health Record Audit Logs to Study Clinical Activity: A Systematic Review of Aims, Measures, and Methods. journal · preprint
Adam Rule, Michelle Hribar, Michael Chiang. JAMIA 2020 (In Press)

Redundancy of Progress Notes for Serial Office Visits. journal
Michelle Hribar, Adam Rule, Abigail Huang, Haley Dusek, Isaac Goldstein, Bradley Henriksen, Wei-Chun Lin, Austin Igelman, Michael Chiang. Ophthalmology 2020

Ten Simple Rules for Writing and Sharing Computational Analyses in Jupyter Notebooks. journal · pdf
Adam Rule, Amanda Birmingham, Cristal Zuniga, Ilkay Altintas, Shih-Cheng Huang, Rob Knight, Niema Moshiri, Mai H. Nguyen, Sara Brin Rosenthal, Fernando PĂ©rez, Peter W. Rose. PLoS Computational Biology 2019

Aiding Collaborative Reuse of Computational Notebooks with Annotated Cell Folding. journal · pdf
Adam Rule, Ian Drosos, Aurélien Tabard, Jim Hollan. PACM HCI (CSCW) 2018

Exploration and Explanation in Computational Notebooks. conf · pdf
Adam Rule, Aurélien Tabard, Jim Hollan. CHI 2018 - Honorable Mention (top 5% of submissions)

Using Visual Histories to Reconstruct the Mental Context of Suspended Activities. journal · pdf
Adam Rule, Aurélien Tabard, Jim Hollan. Human-Computer Interaction 2017

Validating free-text order entry for a note-centric EHR. conf · pdf
Adam Rule, Steven Rick, Michael Chiu, Phillip Rios, Shazia Ashfaq, Alan Calvitti, Wesley Chan, Nadir Weibel, Zia Agha. AMIA 2015

Restoring the Context of Interrupted Work with Desktop Thumbnails. pdf
Adam Rule, Aurélien Tabard, Karen Boyd and Jim Hollan. Cog Sci 2015

Designing interfaces for multi-user, multi-robot systems. conf · pdf
Adam Rule, Jodi Forlizzi. HRI 2012 - Honorable Mention (top 5% of submissions)

Copyright 2020 Adam Rule